Here are some vocabulary words which you should know going into the class.
A metaphor is a type of analogy and is closely related to other rhetorical figures of speech which achieve their effects via association, comparison or resemblance - including allegory, hyperbole, and simile.
A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
A figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared,as in “she is like a rose.”
A statement or proposition that, despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory.
The fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.
The state of being parallel or of corresponding in some way.
A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.
A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction.
In fiction, a foil is a character who contrasts with another character in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character. In some cases, a subplot can be used as a foil to the main plot.
Correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry. You probably already knew this.